Getting really tired of these SSL warnings…
My goal over this holiday break is to remove self-signed certificates from any part of my network - even if it is with just a simple wildcard certificate that signs almost everything.
One of the most frequent run-ins with these self-signed certificates is with Cockpit - a web UI for Linux systems. I use it for pretty much all of my Linux systems and it’s one of the first things I enable when deploying a RHEL system, which most of mine are.
Cockpit is installed by default in RHEL 8, all that you need to do is enable it:
systemctl enable --now cockpit.socket
On systems where it’s not installed you can install it with the following:
## Debian/Ubuntu-based Systems apt install cockpit ## RHEL-based systems dnf install cockpit ## Don't forget to enable the service systemctl enable --now cockpit.socket
With that you can access the server at the system’s IP address at port
9090 in your web browser - but then you’ll see something like this because of the self-signed certificates:
Replacing the Certificate
To get rid of the self-signed certificate “This is not secure” warning sign the certificates need to be replaced - the following assumes you have a server-type certificate for your the host name that you’re wanting to access the Cockpit instance from. It’s helpful to have the IP for the host listed in the Certificate SAN as well.
Cockpit looks for certificates in the
/etc/cockpit/ws-certs.d directory, sorts them alphabetically, and uses the last one. You’ll likely see something like the following files already in that directory:
$ ls /etc/cockpit/ws-certs.d 0-self-signed-ca.pem 0-self-signed.cert
Those are the self-signed certificates and the authority that are generated automatically - remove them with
There are two files needed, a certificate and the key. The certificate will be the server certificate PEM block appended by the intermediate certificate chain - so for me I do the following:
## Create the Certificate, Server + Intermediate Chain cat ~/wildcard.kemo.labs.cert.pem > /etc/cockpit/ws-certs.d/99-wildcard.kemo.labs.cert cat ~/wildcard.kemo.labs.ca-chain.pem >> /etc/cockpit/ws-certs.d/99-wildcard.kemo.labs.cert # Copy over key cp ~/wildcard.kemo.labs.key.pem /etc/cockpit/ws-certs.d/99-wildcard.kemo.labs.key ## Set Permissions chown root:cockpit-ws 99-wildcard.kemo.labs.* ## Restart Cockpit systemctl restart cockpit
With the files in place, proper permissions, and the service restarted you should now see the Cockpit login screen without any self-signed certificate warning screens!